Saturday, March 14, 2020
The Phonogram WH The Phonogram WH The Phonogram WH By Maeve Maddox A reader commenting on Wile vs While wrote: Modern speakers and writers have a problem with W words such as while and wile (another example: whale, wale, and wail) because there is no longer a distinction made between the way wh and w are pronounced. Not all American speakers distinguish between the sounds of whine and wine, but many still do. There are advantages to teaching the distinction, even in regions where the difference has been lost in the local dialect. Wh represents the sound one makes when blowing out a candle: [wh]. The number of English words that begin with wh is not large, and even speakers who distinguish between the initial sounds of Wales and whales do not pronounce wh as [wh] in every word that begins with the wh spelling. For speakers of dialects that still distinguish between the pronunciation of which and witch, the following words begin with the aspirated sound [wh]: whack whale wharf what wheat wheel wheeze when where whet whether which whiff Whig while whim whimper whip whirl whisk whisker whisky whisper whit white whoop why In the following words, the spelling wh represents the sound [h]. who whom whole whose wholly whore What linguists call the Ã¢â¬Å"wine-whine mergerÃ¢â¬ is no doubt destined to prevail in the United States. Nevertheless, teaching the aspirated sound of wh is an aid to spelling mastery. Want to improve your English in five minutes a day? Get a subscription and start receiving our writing tips and exercises daily! Keep learning! Browse the Spelling category, check our popular posts, or choose a related post below:12 Types of LanguageWhat is Dative Case?50 Plain-Language Substitutions for Wordy Phrases
Wednesday, February 26, 2020
Business Intelligence HW - Research Paper Example CIOs use BI to classify unproductive business processes that are ready for re-engineering. With todayÃ¢â¬â¢s BI tools, business individuals can take the plunge and start analyzing data themselves, rather than wait for IT department to run multipart reports. You need to set up your mental picture for your business intelligence strategy before you bring the aspect of technology into the discussion. Here is how effective BI strategy is put into action: Choose a C-level sponsor: Business intelligence implementations should not be sponsored by anyone in IT. As an alternative, BI should be sponsored by an executive who has an upshot duty; has a big image of the enterprise goals, objectives and strategy; and knows how to interpret the company mission into key performance indicators that will prop up that mission. Similarly, without common definitions, a BI accomplishment cannot thrive. In addition, lack of accord is a prevalent dilemma in companies today. Furthermore, you should examine t he in progress business intelligence mass and processes and organizational structures adjoining present BI implementations. Creating a plan for storage is also of very crucial importance for BI to be successful. The three broad classes of users of BI are strategic, operational and tactical. Strategic involves making view decision like closing down operations in china or Europe. Tactical users make many decisions a week, and use both cumulative and detail-level information, and liable to require rationalized information daily. Operational users are the innovative employees, such as call center staff. Another process for making BI strategy successful involves making your mind up on whether to buy or manufacture the systematic data model. Enterprises that are more complex may benefit from customization, even though you may still want to think about opening with an industry-standard sculpt as a pattern or a set of guides. IT is very important to consider all business BI components, as t hey are many in numbers,Ã therefore it is important to be sure that they describe the architecture for all layers of the BI heap; even if they may not be part of the BI strategy itself, they will shape the achievement of completion (Daniel, 2007). Knowledge management vs. BI: KM is an intentional, orderly business optimization strategy that organizes, first-rate, distills stores, put together, and communicates information indispensable to the business of a company in a way that progress corporate competitiveness and employee performance. On the other hand, BI is a system or systems that provide unswerving background facts and coverage tools to maintain and advance the decision-making process.Ã BI and KM are, to some extent, the same but the only thing that tells apart KM form BI are that KM creates new knowledge and helps in knowledge dispersion whereas BI has no equivalent action to these two. The future of these areas is still vague; however, there are quite a few companies up -and-coming to provide services for both business intelligence and knowledge management. Business intelligence firms, such as The Center for Business Intelligence, Micro strategy, and SAP; advertise their services as decision support for managerial decision makers.Ã Ã These businesses sell and apply software that captures data, maneuvers it into handy information and apply the information to answer detailed questions, show trends, generate reports
Monday, February 10, 2020
The History of Zero - Essay Example Charles Seife (2000) had written in his book, Ã¢â¬Å"The Biography of a Dangerous IdeaÃ¢â¬ , that The word zero comes from the Sanskrit word "Sunya". The meaning of "sunya" is void or empty. In Arabic the word zero is called as "Sifr", which also means for empty or void. The present word zero comes after several modifications of word "zephyrum", which was used by the great Italian mathematician Fibonacci, who was credited for introducing Indian (Hindu) decimal system into Europe in 12th century. The history of zero is believed as very old. However, according to some historian, it exists from the time of Babylonians. In 200-300 BC, Babylonians were using a symbol that is considered to evolve as zero, which presently has seen today. Babylonians used different place value system, as compared to these days. Babylonians used base 60 instead of 10 as used today. Babylonians used two wedge (") symbol for the zero. Suppose that a number 2103 is written according to Babylonians two wedge symbols than it will be written as 21"3. Here for the place of zero they had used two wedge symbols. However, in some places this two wedge symbols differs. In some places, they had used three hooks and a single hook for denoting an empty place. A tablet believed to be 700 BC found at Kish, which is an ancient Mesopotamian city located east of Babylon and todays south-central Iraq, used three hooks to represent the empty place (OConnor & Robertson). The zero was also used in the Jain mathematics. The Bakshali manuscript, believed to be written around 200 BC and 200 AD, used the zero and negative numbers. The "lokavibhaaga" believed to be the oldest known Jain text from India; dated 458 AD had used Zero. If ones think of history of zero or write it, than they will not forget the contributions of great Indian Scholars. Indian scholar Pingala at around 200 BC had used zero in his binary numbers. The modern binary system that is used todays is entirely based on Pingalas Binary systems
Thursday, January 30, 2020
Cost Accounting Essay If you are starting out in a new business, especially a service/manufacturing business, understanding the cost accounting system and which cost accounting system will work best for your company, is the first step to being successful. Once you find someone to help you navigate those waters, let them help you sail the rough seas of direct and indirect inventory, direct and indirect labor costs, and how to allocate factory overhead as well. While it all may sound confusing, having the right person with the right knowledge and advice, can make all the difference to you and the success of your business. We learned in Chapter 19 that cost accounting systems calculate, register, and record product costs. Once these costs have been recorded, administrators and supervising personnel can use these costs for setting their product prices, controlling operations and developing financial statements. These reports can play an important role in the financial decision making process for your company so it is imperative that they are accurate and detailed. There are two different types of cost accounting systems. There are called job order cost systems and process cost systems. While both systems are used by manufacturing companies, the job order cost system is used by companies that manufacture custom products or groups of products that are alike. The process cost system, on the other hand, is chosen by manufacturing companies that make units of a product that are impossible to tell apart and are produced using a continuous production process. Once you have chosen your type of cost accounting system, you will need to know what types of costs that will need to be reported and the difference in those costs. First, you have direct materials cost and indirect materials cost. Direct materials costs are materials that will be used as an essential part of the finished product. For example, for an electrician, direct materials would be receptacles and wiring. To be considered and classified as a direct materials cost, it has to be used as an essential part of the finished product and it has to be a significant portion of the total cost of the finished product. If it does not fit these two requirements, then it is considered an indirect materials cost, or factory overhead cost. Ã¢â¬Å"Indirect materials are materials used in the production process, but which cannot be linked to a specific product or job. Alternatively, they may be used in such insubstantial quantities on a per-product basis that it is not worthwhile to track them as direct materialsÃ¢â¬ (Bragg) .An example of an indirect materials cost, or factory overhead cost, for an electrician would be electrical tape and solder. Next, we have direct and indirect labor costs. As with direct materials costs, labor costs must also meet the same two requirements to be labeled direct labor costs. They must be an essential part of the finished product and must be a significant portion of the total cost of the finished product. If they meet these two requirements, these labor costs are considered direct labor costs. If they do not meet these requirements, they are indirect labor costs, or factory overhead costs. The janitor who cleans the building incurs labor costs for the company; however, the janitorial costs are not an essential cost of manufacturing their product. As a result, the janitorial labor costs are indirect labor costs, or factory overhead cost. So what are factory overhead costs and how do you measure and record it? Our textbook describes both in detail. Factory overhead costs are indirect costs of the product. As previously mentioned, these can be materials and labor costs that do not directly enter into the finished product. Some examples include: Heating and lighting the factory Property taxes on factory buildings and land Depreciation on factory plant and equipment Sandpaper, glue, buffing compound Power to run the machines Salaries of production supervisors Because factory overhead costs cannot be directly earmarked to jobs, they are instead, applied to jobs using a common measure related to each job. This common measure is called an activity base. The activity base used to apply overhead should reflect the use of factory overhead costs. Factory overhead costs are usually applied to jobs using a predetermined factory overhead rate computed as follows: Predetermined FactoryEstimated Total Factory Overhead Costs Overhead Rate = Estimated Activity Base For example, if a company estimated a total factory overhead cost of $50,000 for the year and the activity base as 10,000 direct labor hours, a predetermined factory overhead rate of $5 per direct labor hour is computed using the estimated amounts at the beginning of the period. Predetermined factory overhead rated are computed because managers need information about the product cost of each job in a timely manner. With timely information, managers can fine-tune manufacturing methods or product pricing. Remember, during each step of your manufacturing process, identify and record every cost as well as determine whether the costs are direct, indirect, or factory overhead. Keeping up with these costs will help you determine the final cost of each unit and whether or not to make any changes necessary for a more profitable future. Works Cited Bragg, Steven, Ã¢â¬Å"What are Indirect Materials?Ã¢â¬ Questions Answers Ã¢â¬â Accounting Tools 1 June 2013. Warren, Reeve and Duchac. ACCT 1101 Chapters 18-26 Managerial Accounting. Ohio: Cengage, 2012. Print.
Wednesday, January 22, 2020
Imagination plays a crucial role in creating communities and its identity. Fiction, in this case will cover both absolute fabrications and biases in the discourse of history's narration. History can be malleable in the hands of narrators, which they use to unite their audience into a common interpretation of their history. Alicia Barber, The author of the essay, Local Places, National Spaces: Public Memory, Community Identity and Landscape at Scotts Bluff National Monument, talks about two community's disagreement on a tourist spot's proper use and maintenance. Barber analyzes the community's relations to the landmark and how it affects the discourse of history's narration, the malleability of public memory, and how it all connects with community identity. Michael Ignatieff wrote about a civil struggle between two groups who identify themselves very differently from each other. In his analysis, he mixed his personal account of the situation, explaining the role of narcissism in the discourse of history's narration. His essay, The Warrior's Honor: Ethic War and the Modern Conscience, describes a more radical conflict from fabricated major differences. These two authors describe two very different approach to their conflicts, but their discourse to the narration of their history are similar. Their fabrications and biased narrations stem from their egocentric imaginations that support their identity. Imagination's role in a community's identity enables its members to associate their history with their identity. Patriotism, backed up by history, strengtheners a community's bond together as a group. Barber explains in the statement below how a community's involvement in history plays a role in their narration of their history. Ã¢â¬Å"Wh... ...s about their 'imagined community' and 'imagined image' make up their identity. These differences would not exist without their narcissistic imaginations that inevitably form fictions from history. But, because of their refusal to recognize the other group's relational differences, major differences rise from their actions. Nationalism's depends on these imaginations; it uses the group's self-love to stake their claim in history, narrate it in their narcissistic discourse, and blind members from relational differences that would weaken their identity as a group. Works Cited Barber, Alicia. Ã¢â¬Å"Local Places, National Spaces: Public Memory, Community Identity, and Landscape at Scotts Bluff National Monument.Ã¢â¬ American Studies 45 (2004): 35-64. Ignatieff, Michael. The Warrior's Honor: Ethnic War and the Modern Conscience. New York: Henry Holt and Company, 1997.
Tuesday, January 14, 2020
Julius Caesar was born on July 12, 100 BC in Rome. He was a great leader of the Roman Empire. Some people believe that Caesar wasnÃ¢â¬â¢t a great leader or man. Experts say he was greedy and a megalomaniac. They also say that he bribed the people to love him and he cheated the system. Other experts say he was a great leader because he was for the Roman people unlike previous leaders. I believe that Caesar was a great leader for the Roman people because he created reforms to help the people, created a new government, and changed the course of history.Caesar was very helpful to the people when he took over. He created many solid reforms to give the people what they needed. He won people over by creating them. Some of the reforms he created were tax reforms in Asia and Sicily, allowing captured people to become citizens, and giving free food to the poor. The tax reforms in Asia and Sicily were made because Ã¢â¬Å"both had suffered from avaricious governors and tax-collectors. (Seindal 2003) This put Caesar at an advantage because this reform got people in other places to like him better. Caesar allowed people that he captured while he was fighting to become citizens throughout his dictatorship. This helped the Roman Empire prosper because it had many different abilities and trades coming in with all the different people. Finally, Caesar gave food to the poor. He didnÃ¢â¬â¢t ration it. He just gave it out to them. This meant that people that couldnÃ¢â¬â¢t get their own food could have it very easily.
Monday, January 6, 2020
.ISSUES ON MULTIMEDIA MINING ABSTRACT Data mining has proved to popular for extracting interesting information for multimedia data sets, such as audio, video, images, graphics, speech, text and combination of several types of data set. Multimedia data are unstructured data or semi-structured data. These data are stored in multimedia database, multimedia mining find information from large multimedia database system, using multimedia techniques and powerful tools. KEYWORDS: Data Mining, Multimedia Mining, Clustering, Classification. 1. INTRODUCTION Multimedia data mining is a subfield of data mining that using to find interesting information of implicit knowledge. Multimedia data are classified into five types, there are (i) textÃ¢â¬ ¦show more contentÃ¢â¬ ¦Multimedia data include structured data and non-structured data such as audio, video, graphs, images and text media. ItÃ¢â¬â¢s used to provide query processing, update processing, transaction management and Meta data management,security and integritydynamic storage organization Multimedia Data Mining 1.2 MULTIMEDIA DATA MINING CLASSIFICATIONS: The multimedia data mining classified in two categories (a) Static Media and (b) Dynamic media. Static media which contains text, graphics and images and Dynamic media such as Speech, Animation, Audio(music) and Video. Multimedia mining refers to analysis or large amount of multimedia information in order to extracting patterns or statistical relationships. Multimedia data mining Classification 2. BACKGROUND OF MULTIMEDIA DATA MINING Since 1960s the research in the field of multimedia has initiated for combining different multimedia data into one application when text and images were combined in a document. During the research and development process of video synchronization of audio and animation was completed using a timeline to specify when they should be played. The difficulties of multimedia data capture, storage, transmission, and presentation have been explored in the middle of 1990s where the multimedia standards MPEG-4, X3D, MPEG-7, and MX have continued to grow. These are